AKBAR - THE GREAT
Akbar was the third Mughal Emperor of India. He was born on 15 october, 1542 to Nasiruddin Humayun and Hamida Banu Begum. Babur, who was the first Mughal Emperor, was his grandfather.
Akbar succeeded the throne of Delhi after the death of his father. As he was too young to understand the complications of wars and Kingdom, Bairam Khan was advising him on all the matters.
On 6 october,1556 the Hindu king, Hemu defeated Akbar’s army and took charge of Delhi. Akbar’s courtiers suggested him to go to Kabul but he refused. In the second battle of Panipat, Hemu and Akbar again faced each other. War was going in favour of Hemu but, suddenly an arrow pierced his eye and he got unconscious he was capitulated by the Mughal army and brought to death. This was the first victory of Akbar and he never looked behind after that. With this victory Akbar got the huge army of Hemu and it helped him in the expansion of his kingdom. He conquered Punjab, Gwalior, Rajputana and Jaunpur.
He had added most of Bengal, Gujarat, and Rajasthan to his kingdom. The Mughal kingdom had become so huge and strong that very few chief dared to oppose Akbar. He wanted to establish his dominance over the complete India so he continued expanding his areas.
Chittor, a small place in Rajasthan was not yet conquered by Akbar but it was very important strategically.The Mughal army surrounded the fortress of Chittor in October 1567. At that time Chittor was ruled by Maharana Udai Singh. On the advice of his courtiers Maharana went to the Aravali hills with his family and left the safety of the fort to Jaimal and Patta, two brave soldiers of Chittor. They fought till their last breadth and finally the Mughal army succeeded in taking charge of the Chittorgarh fort. While the males of Chittorgarh were killed by the army, the females committee suicide. Mughals destroyed everything at the fort.
In 1569 Akbar conquered Ranthambore. Now Mughal’s flag was eagerly waiting to be flown on Mewar. Akbar offered a proposal of marriage to Raja Bharmal of Sisodiya clan of Mewar with his daughter Jodhaa Bai. For the first time in Indian history a hindu and muslim matrimony materialized. A film has also been shot by Ashutosh Gowarikar on the love and relations of Akbar and jodha(her name was later on changed). But some clans of Mewar were resisting it and Maharana Pratap Singh was prominent of them all.
It is said that Akbar was a good muslim. He always tried to make happy the people of his kingdoms. He never distinguished between hindus and muslims. He erased the jazia tax which was levied on non muslims. akbar could do all the works very efficiently except reading and writing. He did not get time for reading and writing. He was a great emperor and is remembered as Akbar- the Great.
AKBAR - THE GREAT